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Atlas of Africa

The energy policy landscape in Africa’s countries is rapidly evolving. The links on this page present an energy profile of each one of the 54 African countries, supplying specific information on their energy sectors. These profiles enable a better understanding of the energy resources available, the production and consumption trends and the potential for renewable alternatives. They describe each of the energy resources in the country, specifically hydropower, oil, natural gas, coal, wind, nuclear, and solar energy resources, as the case may be. They also present some of the strategies and practices in place to effectively and efficiently use these resources. Carbon dioxide emissions from the energy sector are recognized as a key factor contributing to climate change. To that end, the profiles mentions some of the pledges that the countries have made through their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) arising from the 2015 Paris Agreement. They give a snapshot of progress towards achieving Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) number 7 on energy, with progress towards achieving this goal measured against three indicators, as follows:

  • To ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services by 2030;
  • To increase substantially the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix by 2030; and
  • To double the rate of improvement in energy efficiency by 2030.
Finally, based on available data, the profiles provide a matrix showing institutional and legal frameworks responsible for policy in the country, the energy regulator and some of the key elements that lay the foundation for managing the energy sector.

UNEP(2017), “Atlas of Africa Energy Resources
United Nations Environment Programme
PO Box 30552, Nairobi 00100, Kenya

Data Source: Africa Energy Database