The Mediterranean context:

The Mediterranean makes you dream with the beauty of its landscapes, its climate, its historical and cultural heritage. It is a unique place due to its biodiversity, its coastline and its inland sea. Today, this idyllic portrait is cracking and its wealth is deteriorating, in the 21 other countries bordering the Mediterranean. It is today one of the most polluted seas in the world, the basin and its ecosystems are in danger and hit hard by climate change and the degradation of ecosystems.

The Barcelona Convention System, the first ever Regional Sea Convention.

Since February 1976, the UNEP/MAP Barcelona Convention and its successively adopted protocols constitute a unique and advanced multilateral institutional, legal and implementation framework for the protection of the marine and coastal environment and sustainable use of their resources in the Mediterranean, adopted by its Contracting Parties - the 21 riparian countries and the European Union - for concerted action to fulfil the vision of a healthy Mediterranean Sea and Coast that underpin sustainable development in the region. Over the decades, the UNEP/MAP-Barcelona Convention system has responded to evolving environmental challenges and bolstered a growing body of knowledge on marine and coastal ecosystems and of interactions between development and environment in the Mediterranean region.



Under the guidance of the coordinating unit, 6 Regional Activity Centers and 1 programme are included:



More about Info/RAC
More about PAP/RAC
More about SPA-RAC
More about REMPEC
More about MedWaves
More about Plan Bleu


The active link below (the map) offers the users a direct access to the “WESR: Mediterranean” project on MapX where data managed by Plan Bleu and MedWaves are visualizable and queryable along with a number of other geospatial data.

The Mediterranean Commission on Sustainable Development (MCSD)

The MCSD has been established in 1996 as an advisory body to the Contracting Parties to assist them in their efforts to integrate environmental issues in their socioeconomic programmes and to promote sustainable development policies in the Mediterranean region and countries. Acting as a forum for experience sharing and peer learning, the Commission is unique in its composition and includes not only government representatives but also local authorities, socio-economic actors, non-governmental organizations, intergovernmental organizations, the scientific community and parliamentarians. All MCSD members participate in its deliberations on an equal footing. 

The MCSD notably coordinates the preparation of the Mediterranean Strategy on Sustainable Development (MSSD), as a strategic framework document for all stakeholders and partners to translate the 2030 Agenda and its Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) at regional, sub-regional, national and local levels.

Plan Bleu follows the implementation of the MSSD through the MSSD dashboard.

Israel barracuda Oran

More resources

Information available to monitor the status of environment and development in the Mediterranean include:

  • a Mediterranean library gathered by Plan Bleu Regional Activity Center to inform its assessments and analysis
  • a Knowledge platform compiled in the framework of the GEF MedProgramme
  • Main reports: (SoED , MAR1, MedQSR2017, ...)
  • The Ecosystem approach and the MedQSR 2023. The MAP-Barcelona Convention system commits to the Ecosystem Approach as an overarching principle, with 11 Mediterranean Ecological Objectives and a Roadmap to support regional national efforts towards achieving Good Environmental Status (GES) in the Mediterranean.
  • The Mediterranean Experts on Climate and environmental Change (MedECC) is an open and independent international scientific expert network founded in 2015 and providing information to decision-makers and the general public on the basis of available scientific information and on-going research.

Contact Us: