Goal 14

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Life Below Water

Goal Description Image

Oceans, seas and other marine resources are essential to human well-being and social and economic development worldwide. Their conservation and sustainable use are central to achieving the 2030 Agenda, especially for small island developing States. Marine resources are particularly important for people living in coastal communities, who represented 37 per cent of the world's population in 2010. Oceans provide livelihoods, subsistence and benefits from fisheries, tourism and other sectors. They also help regulate the global ecosystem by absorbing heat and carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere. However, oceans and coastal areas are extremely vulnerable to environmental degradation, overfishing, climate change and pollution.

Indicator Tier
14.5.1 Coverage of protected areas in relation to marine areas Tier Image Tier I
14.1.1 (a) Index of coastal eutrophication and (b) Floating plastic debris density Tier Image Tier II
14.2.1 Number of countries using eco-system based approaches to manage marine areas Tier Image Tier II


Contact: Ludgarde Coppens


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